That showed up when BPS difference BP’s shares plummet afterward is a courtesy did the right thing how come the markets not reacting positively to finish the story for about three months later the stock price fitfully recovered but during the treatment period guess what is happening all these people gathered in your room those dividend addicts are leaving the company.
New group of stockholders coming in but that doesn’t happen instantaneously and in the treatment period have to be peace top managers lost their jobs you know what they deserve to they deserve to because they let a problem continued for a decade until it got out of the control it’s never easy card evidence I’m not going to claim the dividend cuts are going to be marketability.
Of this is wonderful in fact this is from a study that looked at companies are quite different for different reasons and for every group of companies in companionship evidence because they don’t know any structure they’re doing badly some companies cut their dividends because a good investment opportunities in the future the kind of someone is a bad reason when is a good reason on the day that they announced a different kind guess what the market treat them all bad but if you track through the companies that actually did it for the right reasons the price does come back markets can behave irrationally but they won’t stay irrationally lower high waited.
Flow of the firm or it could be some variant thereof it could even be a measure that’s cruder earnings before interest taxes depreciation and amortization is a measure of overall operating cash flow so you can revenues you could earnings you can cash flat who cash flow or you can book value the book values after all what the accountant tells you what your equities.
within what your business is what you could check topee what that number is relative to market value so the key part of getting a multiple is recognizing that you have multiple choices in both the numerator and the denominator now I i prefer to do entrance evaluation but I’m not dead set against relative valuation in fact I think it’s a very useful tool however.
when you use multiples there’s a four-step process i would suggest you go through to make sure you don’t get yourself into troublesome going to start off by defining the multiple passing it through a couple softest before I use it and take it through those deaths then I’m going to describe the multiple sounds fancy right but I’m going to go back to basic statistics I’m gonna look at the distribution not just the average but the entire distribution what’s the median what’s a high number what’s the low number that’s.
Useful to know then I’m going to analyze the multiple in other words I’m going to take the multiple apart to see what variables drive that model sounds difficult but it’s actually relatively simple to do if you want us to discounted cash flow valuation and only then am I going to apply the multiple in my view the promised multiples is not that people use them but they’re in a hurry to use them they’re in such a hurry to get to applying the multiple they don’t stop.
Which if you put a dollar sign on it but she’s stressed that it resolved because its it it it’s the value of day he then said its would GIF the search the Sir Sol sis why it if we talk about recreational benefits of calls there could be that could be something Property Valuations Sydney trying to get coffin a way but if we talk of recreational benefits the nits it it’s another incomes dropped Alston which should we talk about this of upkeep.
The who who who have time to recreate so to say and go who have I’m of form that shops and who can not a fault the call stood Rhapsodizes by ale x I I have trust someday I need to take off my classes that this is an example from sun sea air’s again from the study I think this was a study done book let my real agony from she now she now works with the divert banker Environment Department she has done a lot of fora valuation a studies.
For you see it you see shield teethe various the a macro economic contribution so from our marine ecosystem in the example of sun sea of the you have the provisioning services in terms of farming how much a the GDP contribution is sick cross domestic broke out all the inconsiderateness fishing in the provisioning services fishing is so is sealed the the most important but in terms of employment mom ball see beat farming even though the income isis low per capita of it it it it creates a lot of employment and then you have recreation and tourism-and offer this is so this is almost five times high on and it to also has a as a lots contribution in following exchange earnings a the sole it at San lots so the for the value of of theta a of that the marine ecosystem so for of sun sea by of but then they are a some of the laws regulating services IFS shopping carts baseball to assimilation it set social protections.
sure you use the same tax rate in that specific here you can kind of decorate the throne – on that to make it negative and I’m going to add everything though i had left out that other for now and I’ll give you a few minutest catch up we’ll talk about other ah tell other let’s go to the cash flow statement we didn’t want to replicate the cash flow statement and probably make adjustments the same way the Cass team is making adjustments but remember we’re making adjustments to be bit and not know.
so some things might be different and you also remember the adjustment that were made were supposed to represent the operating asked business based on me already answered it’s so let me get the cash flow statement we’ve adjusted for any depreciation defer taxes and always working capital islands we did not adjust for discontinued operations we do not adjust for other property valuation Melbourne cost opportunities the question is should we and let’s start I mean this is trivial because it’s hero but if this had value with this be an adjustment that we would make in the casual state anything this is no anyone else that will wow you know what does not attract let’s.
say it was a worker so right because they are occurring it’s not going to be alright so now let me make it more delicate what is this was occurring represent one operation right because it’s extraordinary extraordinary of this happens you going on hold because it’s basically an Operations rightist doesn’t write even is going on multiple times it doesn’t necessarily mean that’s port operations like all other present the present already has it doesn’t match up the present operating assets absolutely now we take it to a third degree of complexity and let’s say that it did let’s say that this was let’s.
The usage of alternative-pricing fashions in valuation does have its blessings. First, there are a few assets that can’t be valued with conventional property valuation fashions because their cost derives nearly totally from their option traits. for example, a biotechnology company with an unmarried promising patent for a blockbuster cancer drug wending its way via the FDA approval technique can’t be without problems valued the usage of discounted coins waft or relative home valuation models. it is able to, but, be valued as a choice.
The equal may be said about equity in a cash losing employer with significant debt; maximum investors buying this stock are shopping for it for the equal motives they purchase deep out-of-the-cash options. second, alternative-pricing fashions do yield extra sensible estimates of price for property in which there may be a big benefit received from studying and versatility.
Discounted coins float models will understate the values of natural aid organizations, wherein the located price of the herbal aid is a key aspect in decision making. 1/3, alternative-pricing fashions do highlight a completely crucial thing of danger. even as a danger is considered almost constantly in terrible phrases in discounted coins drift and relative land valuation (with better danger reducing fee), the price of alternatives increases as volatility will increase. For some belongings, at the least, the danger may be an ally and can be exploited to generate additional cost.
This isn’t to indicate that the use of real options models is an unalloyed proper. the use of real alternatives arguments to justify paying premiums on discounted cash float real estate valuations, whilst the alternatives argument does not hold, can bring about overpayment. while we do not disagree with the perception that companies can examine through watching what takes place over the years, this getting to know has value handiest if it has a few diploma of exclusivity. we will argue that it also includes inappropriate to connect an option premium to cost if the learning isn’t always special and competition can adapt their conduct as properly.